Poverty and Gender
Note: this course is delivered at the CEU - New York teaching site.
As countries around the world attempt to lessen the financial and political woes caused by the global economic crisis, discussions by policy makers and development organizations have again focused on the feminization of poverty. Many would say that a focus on womens income poverty within this context is a positive sign that gender issues are high on the international political agenda. But as women worldwide have to contend with low incomes as a result of labor force discrimination, and prejudicial gender biases in resource allocation within their homes and communities, this is only part of the story. It is important to conceptualize poverty as multidimensional in order to move beyond preconceived assumptions about the interconnections between women and poverty and extend the analysis to additional aspects such as urban displacement, sustainability and human rights. This seminar explores the historical development and multifaceted present day realities of gender and poverty. We start with an overview of the characteristics of poverty in Latin America in comparison with the rest of the world; The historical development of the specific case of Argentina; the implementation and impact of job guarantee programs in general andMinsky's proposal for an Employer of Last Resort; and the application of a similar program, the Jefes y Jefas de Hogar program in Argentina, its origin and evolution from 2001 to the present focusing on fieldwork done in the Province of Buenos Aires.